RUSI NewsbriefVOLUME 39ISSUE 1members only

Why the UK Should Work to Prevent Nuclear Conflict Between India and Pakistan


Main Image Credit The Taj Mahal Hotel in Mumbai, India, one of the four sites in the city that were attacked by the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorist organisation on 26 November 2008. The Indian prime minister at the time, Manmohan Singh, decided not to mount a reta


The risk of nuclear war between India and Pakistan presents dangerous global implications and should be considered as a serious threat, particularly since Pakistan’s acquisition of the short-range Nasr missile. Quite apart from the enormous human cost, there would also be significant environmental and migratory consequences.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is presently contemplating how to respond to the terrorist attack at Pulwama in Kashmir on 14 February which killed over 40 members of India’s paramilitary police force. If his intelligence analysts judge that Pakistan played a role in the attack he will inevitably consider his retaliatory options. In reality, these options are severely limited by India’s concern that Pakistan would respond asymmetrically to any retaliation. Modi’s

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