While the SCO languished in relative obscurity after its conception and the gaze of the world was diverted by the events of September 11 2001, more recently the SCO’s activities have prompted increased scrutiny by the US and its regional allies in East and Central Asia.
The Shanghai Co-operation Organization (SCO) is a multilateral regional cooperation framework established in 2001 by six countries: Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan, with four countries (Mongolia, India, Pakistan, and Iran) sitting as observers. The total area occupied by SCO member states is about three-fifths of the territory of Eurasia, with a population of about a quarter of the world’s total. While the SCO languished in relative obscurity
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