In May 2021, the Dialogue hosted a discussion examining perspectives from Washington DC and London on the current situation in the South China Sea and how tensions are likely to evolve.
Watch the event
Nearly five years after an International Arbitration Tribunal ruling found against China’s maritime claims on the South China Sea, territorial disputes remain unaddressed. While China and ASEAN are engaged in a protracted process of negotiating a Code of Conduct to manage regional tensions, assertive and sometimes aggressive Chinese activities at sea continue unabated. So, too, does China’s militarisation of the manmade islands it has constructed, as well as its illegal fishing and efforts to extend Chinese domestic legislation over disputed areas of the South China Sea.
Southeast Asian claimant states and extra-regional countries have sought to assert their rights to maritime resources and freedom of navigation against China’s claims and power projection activities. Later this year, the HMS Queen Elizabeth carrier strike group, joined by ships from the Netherlands and the US, will sail through the region. Furthermore, several European countries have issued Indo-Pacific strategies which all underscore their concern over regional challenges to the rules-based international system, including the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea.
In light of growing tensions in the South China Sea, Greg Poling and Bill Hayton offered perspectives from Washington and London on the current situation. They traced its potential evolution and attendant risks, and considered avenues for transatlantic policy coordination.
Greg Poling, Senior Fellow for Southeast Asia and Director, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC
Bill Hayton, Associate Fellow, Asia-Pacific Programme, Chatham House, London
Veerle Nouwens, Senior Research Fellow, Navigating the Indo-Pacific Programme, International Security Studies, RUSI
Article category: Governance of the Global Commons