It is time for Western countries to refine their existing tools to counter the threat that Russia poses to their societies: exposing its illicit activities; mending their own disunity; and optimising the threat and use of sanctions.
Having scored only limited success in their anti-Western disinformation campaign in Georgia, Russian propaganda outlets are now attempting to fuel hostile attitudes between Tbilisi and Ankara with newly invented arguments.
The blockage of the Suez Canal has underscored once more the urgency of diversifying global maritime trade routes. While the Arctic’s Northern Sea Route is often held up as an alternative, it is more likely that the two routes will end up coexisting without undercutting each other.
Sanctions have become a preferred arm of statecraft, especially in Washington. Reasons for this include the West’s confusion in confronting new forms of Russian aggression and the fact that economic sanctions shift the implementation cost from the public to the private sector.
Jonathan Eyal, Associate Director, Strategic Research Partnerships
The British Prime Minister Theresa May attended her first international forum at the G20 Summit in China between 4-5 September. RUSI Deputy Director-General Professor Malcolm Chalmers and Dr Jonathan...