The coordinated international action targeting hostile Russian cyber operations represents a real determination by Western governments not to leave cyber an uncontested space for Russia. But the question remains as to what steps governments can take that will actually deter Russia from continuing their hostile cyber operations.
Few will have been surprised by the findings of the Litvinenko Inquiry chaired by Sir Robert Owen. And no one should be surprised by Russia’s reaction. The Russian Foreign Ministry regretted that the inquiry had been ‘politicised’ and the country’s ambassador in London dismissed the findings, criticising the case as a ‘whitewash for British special services’ institutional incompetence’.