RUSI NewsbriefVOLUME 40ISSUE 3members only

Malaise on the Vistula: Memory and Security in Poland

Bitter exchanges between Russia and Poland over the Second World War highlight the impact of historical memory on real-world security concerns.

This year marks the centenary of the often forgotten culmination of the Polish–Soviet war of 1920 – the so-called ‘Miracle on the Vistula’. In a desperate last stand against a Soviet offensive, Polish forces stopped the advance of the Red Army into Warsaw. These events were not forgotten by the Soviet leadership 19 years later when, under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union split Poland between them. Polish territory became the primary site of the

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