RUSI NewsbriefVOLUME 41ISSUE 2members only

The 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War and the New Strategic Landscape

Main Image Credit AK-47 Courtesy of Thomas Bernard/Alamy Stock Photo

The war in the South Caucasus has significant implications for regional politics and the wider liberal order.

The ceasefire agreement signed by Armenia and Azerbaijan in November 2020 ended 44 days of intense fighting between the two countries and more than three decades of mutual hostility over the contested Nagorno-Karabakh region. The terms of the ceasefire brokered by Russia — the preservation of Azerbaijani military gains and control over occupied or ‘buffer territories’ held by Armenian forces, forbearance over the final status of a rump Nagorno-Karabakh, and the deployment of

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