A decade after the start of Operation ELLAMY, the contrast between the initial aims and the medium-term outcomes is stark. The conflict offers compelling lessons for the current generation of defence planners and policymakers.
If the Biden Administration wishes to broker peace in Yemen it needs to reconcile its contradictory policies towards the country and recognise that offensive military action is a necessary component to meaningful negotiation.
Three decades of low-intensity warfare has led to the development of numerous exquisite platforms, bristling with capability, but their cost makes them scarce, and consequently vulnerable. Generating mass and resilience requires federating capabilities.