The UK’s National Risk Register ought to be more than a list of bad things which can happen to us. To learn the lessons from the coronavirus pandemic, it needs to be anchored in an improved risk management system which uses empowered analysis to anticipate – and therefore reduce – shocks.
The UK has two options for modernising its armour: developing a Challenger 3 or procuring Leopard 2. The latter is an assured capability that will likely prove cheaper over the life of the programme. The former is risky but offers the UK an opportunity to develop valuable intellectual property.
The Type 055 Renhai destroyer, which displaces 12,000 tonnes, represents a significant advance in People’s Liberation Army Navy blue-water surface combatant vessel capabilities, in terms of both size and complexity