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The handover ceremony at Camp Butmir marked the end of NATO operations and the beginning of the EU military mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, December 2004. Courtesy of NATO

The EU and Defence: The Legacy of Saint-Malo

Peter Ricketts
RUSI Journal, 28 July 2017
Brexit, UK, Defence Policy, UK Defence, Europe
Drawing on his experience as a key participant in the negotiations, Peter Ricketts explains the enduring importance of the Saint-Malo Declaration.

The Saint-Malo Declaration was designed to bolster the EU’s ability to conduct autonomous military operations. In this article, Peter Ricketts reflects on his involvement in drafting the declaration and other closely related instruments. He explains the challenges negotiators faced in reconciling the interests of NATO and EU states. Following Brexit, the UK will need to rely on the provisions made during this period for non-EU states to participate in EU operations – the same provisions London helped to create.

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The Lord Ricketts GCMG GCVO

Lord Ricketts spent 40 years as a British diplomat before retiring in early 2016. His last post was Ambassador to France, where he was... read more

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