Since he was charged with terrorism offences, commentators have argued that Breivik was insane or deranged. Yet, like individuals inspired by al-Qaida, Breivik carried out attacks to provide publicity for a political agenda. Only Breivik's meticulous planning and ruthlessness sets him apart from other violent extremist nationalists.
The Ministry of Defence has indicated the need for reservists to become integral to all defence tasks, resulting in the significant rebalancing of the structure of the armed forces by 2020. Undoubtedly there will be risks involved, but these are manageable provided there is political and institutional willingness to develop a more sophisticated approach to force generation.