The continuation of the conflict in Syria is placing the Turkish leadership’s efforts to tie its domestic agenda to its foreign policy under ever-greater stress.
After the Arab uprisings removed the authoritarian regimes in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, it was widely believed that Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and its blend of religiosity, market capitalism and democracy could serve as a model for the emerging political parties in the region. The AKP, although eager to quell talk of the ‘export’ of the Turkish model, embraced the idea that its own leadership could inspire the region’s other religiously conservative
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