RUSI JournalVolume 160Issue 3members only

Waterloo: A Strange Defeat

Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo was far from a foregone conclusion

The Battle of Waterloo marked the end of a protracted European conflict that had lasted for twenty-three years. This period witnessed the seemingly inexorable rise of Napoleon, first to the position of general, then consul and finally emperor. It saw him face several kaleidoscopic coalitions of European powers, experience victory and defeat in battle, suffer exile, and return to rally France once again during the famous Hundred Days that ended at Waterloo. The question as t

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