RUSI JournalVolume 161Issue 3members only

Better In or Out? The Historical Background

The referendum on membership of the European Union is the most recent reflection of the UK's long and often troubled relationship with mainland Europe

If we are to understand the problem posed by the current debate over the UK’s relations with the European Union, we must start by understanding how our attitude towards our continental neighbours has been shaped by half a millennium of almost incessant hostility.

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