In 1947, Pakistan’s army inherited the default position and strategy of British India in opposing Russian influence and inroads into Afghanistan and Central Asia. Now, for the first time in 200 years, they have reversed the old British policy of confronting the Russians for control over Central Asia. Pakistan’s army now sees the Russians as their strategic partners.
As the dust settles on the forced resignation of Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, a debate continues to rage over the nature of judicial oversight over a political system often dogged by corruption.
Tensions are rising again between India and Pakistan over violent attacks in Jammu and Kashmir. India and Pakistan have differing views on the role of international mediation in resolving this conflict. But foreign involvement remains essential, and China–US cooperation may be a way forward.
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani is turning to India for help after giving up hopes for Pakistan’s cooperation in containing the insurgency inside his country. India is reciprocating, but there are limits to what New Delhi can do.
India’s Jammu and Kashmir state is no stranger to violence. But the latest bout of bloodshed and arrests is different, for it is generated by grievances from a younger and seemingly leaderless local protest movement.