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International Peace-Building for the 21st Century: The Tswalu Protocol and Background Papers

Whitehall Reports, 4 September 2008
African Union, Counterinsurgency, Africa
This report offers detailed recommendations for overcoming many problems that have beset recent interventions from Afghanistan to Rwanda. Its individual papers provided the foundation for the final ‘Tswalu Protocol’, a consensus derived from the experience of leading figures at the epicentre of peace-building operations

With contributions from more than twenty leading practitioners and thinkers – politicians, military officials, academics, economists and development specialists – in the field of international peace-building, this new Whitehall Report advances detailed recommendations for overcoming many of the generic problems that have beset recent interventions from Afghanistan to Rwanda.

These individual papers provided the foundation for the final ‘Tswalu Protocol’ – included at the beginning of this publication – which articulates a consensus derived from the experience of leading figures who have been at the epicentre of peace-building operations. Both the Tswalu Protocol and the supporting papers are presented in this Whitehall Report as an informed guide to peace-building, for use by international and non-government organisations, armed forces and civil society alike.

Contents

Introduction: The Tswalu Process & Protocol
Greg Mills & John Mackinlay

Endorsements

The Tswalu Protocol

Part I - The Foundational Case: Afghanistan

1. Establishing International Rules for Post-Conflict Engagement: A Military Perspective from Afghanistan, 2001–2006
Dickie Davis

2. Multinational Multi-Agency Co-ordination: A Military Provider’s Perspective
Chris Brown

3. Private Security Companies: Future Perspectives
Chris Parker

4. Development in Chaos: The Challenge of Providing Assistance in Afghanistan 2001–2006
Michelle Parker

5. Afghanistan: Reconstruction and Development Challenges and the Response of the  International Aid Community
William A Byrd

6. The Business of Peace: Why Entrepreneurship and Business Climate Reform Should Be the Centrepiece of Peace-Building Operations
Mauro De Lorenzo

7. The Role of Communication in Peace-Building
Dale Lautenbach

8. Too Little, Too Late? Responses to the Afghan Opium Boom
Alistair Harris

9. Global Security, Multinationalism & Peace-Building – Establishing International Rules for Post-Conflict Engagement: The Contributions of IOs and NGOs in Afghanistan
Martin Edmonds

Part II - Global Themes and Case Studies

10. The Challenge of Democratisation
Christopher Coker

11. Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration: The Unholy Trinity?
Dominique Orsini

12. Jobs, Jobs, Jobs! Public Works for Post-Conflict Development
Greg Mills, Mauro De Lorenzo, Anna McCord & Stephan Malherbe

13. Confronting Fragile and Failed States in Africa
Jeffrey Herbst

14. Climate Change and Armed Conflict in Africa
Tapani Vaahtoranta

15. Lessons Learned from Liberia: Security Sector Reform
Sean McFate

16. Security, Development and International Assistance in Sierra Leone
Terence McNamee

17. Somaliland’s Post War Nation-Building and Geo-Politics: Lessons Learned in Peace-Building
Iqbal Jhazbhay

18. Applying the Tswalu Protocol to the Rwandan Experience
Frank K Rusagara

19. Lebanon – Failing Fast
Alistair Harris

20. Lessons from Peace-Building: Bosnia and Kosovo
Chris Parker

21. Peace-Building Lessons from Iraq
Andrew Stewart

Appendix A
Tswalu Process Participants

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