Joe Biden is likely to follow a trajectory of path dependency in the Middle East, by leading from behind, delegating rather than implementing, being disruptive rather than constructive, and thus protracting conflict resolutions.
Throughout a year defined by the global pandemic, racial inequality movements and political polarisation, the US has been in the spotlight as the epicentre of social upheaval and amplification of far-right extremism.
This Occasional Paper examines how the Royal Navy can leverage the potential of its Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers in the context of a strategic environment characterised by persistent competition.
Naval mines constitute a constant threat to global shipping, and due to proliferation, cost-effectiveness and increasing technical sophistication are likely to play a significant role in many future conflicts. Unmanned mine-countermeasure solutions derived from commercially available technologies could be rapidly developed to provide the US Navy and others with a better response