This year marks not simply the centenary of the end of the ‘War to End all Wars’, but is also the conclusion of four years of contemplation on the conflict that changed the way in which combat was waged.
Berlin and Ankara are looking to tone down the rhetoric of their disputes. However, the bilateral relationship, the most important one Turkey has with any European country, is likely to remain troublesome.
This article adds to existing research by using quantitative scenarios and counterfactual analyses of Russia’s fiscal conditions under different assumed levels of ambition for defence procurement spending.
A lecture by Edward Luttwak, Senior Associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, DC) and author of The Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire. In this lecture, Edward...