The 2019 UK PONI Papers examine contemporary civil and military nuclear issues and are written by emerging experts from academia, government and industry who presented at the 2019 UK Project on Nuclear Issues (UK PONI) Annual Conference.
Naval mines constitute a constant threat to global shipping, and due to proliferation, cost-effectiveness and increasing technical sophistication are likely to play a significant role in many future conflicts. Unmanned mine-countermeasure solutions derived from commercially available technologies could be rapidly developed to provide the US Navy and others with a better response
As the new EU Commission takes office, responsibility for the EU’s sanctions portfolio appears to have moved between commissioners. The move is part of a focus on stricter sanctions enforcement within the EU, but could also lay the groundwork for redefining the role and impact of EU sanctions.
The competition between NATO and Russia is not going the Alliance’s way. Russia has encircled Europe and divided the Alliance. How odd then that NATO is in such a self-congratulatory mood on its 70th anniversary.
The EU’s consolidated risk assessment of the cyber security of 5G networks is not just about Huawei. It highlights wider cyber security risks to 5G networks. Given the lack of market incentives to address these risks, regulation to safeguard 5G networks is becoming more likely.