The UK's 2016 National Cyber Security Strategy reaches its conclusion in 2021. At the midway point of the current strategy, and with an upcoming Spending Review, the focus should now be on building the next strategy. This Briefing Paper poses a series of questions to help frame this debate.
Debate continues as to how governments should manage the presence of Chinese technology in 5G telecommunications networks. But the argument risks obscuring the critical question of how states such as the UK will best achieve the cyber security they need.
Where should the limits surveillance be placed? And how should intelligence oversight work? Following his first public speech delivered at RUSI, Andrew Parker, Director General of MI5 sparked off a national and international debate about the current terrorist threat and the role of surveillance and intelligence.
The intelligence-gathering revelations from Edward Snowden did harm national security, but they should now serve as an opportunity to have a mature national conversation on the hierarchy of accountability in intelligence gathering.