Negotiations over a ban on nuclear weapons are likely to be given the go-ahead at the UN General Assembly. Nuclear weapon states and those under their umbrella will face challenges reducing its impact.
James Byrne, Joe Byrne, Gary Somerville and Hamish Macdonald
A large fleet of North Korean cargo ships continues to deliver coal to China in contravention of UN Security Council resolutions, in what appears to be a large-scale, coordinated effort to evade sanctions imposed on the country over its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes.
Our Research Fellow in proliferation and nuclear policy has just returned from the latest meeting of the Preparatory Committee for the review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in an optimistic mood.
On 4 July, North Korea successfully tested its first intercontinental ballistic missile. While the options for responding to this test remain the same (sanctions and economic pressures, formal negotiations, military action and deterrence), the mix and calibration of these tools need to change.
Despite all parties to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action complying with its obligations, Iran’s reintegration into the global economy is fraught with problems. A further factor is a differing attitude to the agreement’s implementation between the US and the EU.