Negotiations over a ban on nuclear weapons are likely to be given the go-ahead at the UN General Assembly. Nuclear weapon states and those under their umbrella will face challenges reducing its impact.
The incoming Biden administration will face a difficult challenge to quickly implement a new US policy toward Iran. The most effective path will be to work with those who agree, and engage those who disagree, to develop and reach their policy goals.
The Financial Action Task Force now requires countries to assess proliferation financing risk, a welcome step in global efforts to counter sanctions evasion by actors such as North Korea. However, the narrow scope of the new requirement may reduce its effectiveness.
If long-term peace is to be achieved and denuclearisation completed, addressing North Korea’s human rights situation must become part of the process. Without this, it will be impossible to remove all sources of perceived hostility and North Korea’s nuclear weapons.
Ensuring the global supply chain is not abused by North Korea to evade international sanctions requires a systemic approach. The current response is failing, and the involvement of a far greater range of private sector actors is urgently needed.