In August 2020, deadly explosions decimated the Beirut harbour. Over 200 people were killed and more than 6,000 injured. The port is still largely unusable. The catastrophe highlighted the importance of ports and harbours to the global commerce that is the lifeblood of the world economy. Whether the port is used primarily for military ships, civilian vessels or both, having a harbour rendered unusable for even a short time has enormous consequences.Ships carrying the world’s seaborne trade help drive globalisation. However, these ships depend on access to the world’s ports and harbours. From Shanghai, to Singapore, to Hong Kong, to Antwerp, to Shenzhen, to Los Angeles, these mega-ports, as well as hundreds of smaller ports, are nodes that enable and sustain world prosperity. A disaster in one of these ports similar to what happened in Beirut could close the port for an indeterminate time.The magnitude of providing comprehensive security for an average size port – let alone some of the world’s mega-ports – is a daunting challenge for those with stewardship over ports and harbours. Port authorities must ensure security around the clock and in all kinds of weather. This task includes continuous inspection of port assets, threat detection and security response, ongoing surveys to ensure navigable waterways, on-demand inspections after storms or other disasters, as well as other missions.
The State of the Art of Today’s Port and Harbour SecurityPorts and harbours are chronically vulnerable as they are ‘soft’ targets. Denying illicit access to these large entities by sea or land is an enormous task. While port authorities must be successful all of the time, an attacker only has to successful once.Traditional instruments still dominate security provision for ports and harbours around the world. Most large ports have cameras placed at strategic locations and are
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