Energy Security

This research examines the national security risks of and solutions to fossil fuel import reliance and the decarbonisation of steel.




The Energy Security programme focuses on the geopolitical implications of energy dependencies and their associated supply chains. The international energy sector is undergoing a historic transformation from fossil fuels to renewable energy, and this is compounded by shifting levels of supply and demand across countries. Traditional fossil fuel producers are planning for the final years of extraction, while investing in diversifying their product line to meet demand for clean energy.

Meanwhile, governments are developing the necessary infrastructure to end fossil fuel reliance through renewables and nuclear energy. The geopolitical implications of the current energy crisis and the need to shift to renewables are significant. The complexities that arise from current and future energy systems are explored through this programme’s research.

Related project


UK National Security and the Net Zero Transition

An investigation into UK national security through the lens of net zero, examining fossil fuel import reliance, decarbonisation, and the role and impact of technologies and critical materials.

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