Despite a decade-long UN arms embargo, North Korea continues to export conventional weapons to state and non-state clients around the world, helping sustain its nuclear-weapons and ballistic-missile programmes. Understanding the drivers of this trade is essential if the sanctions regime is to be strengthened.
A new book, Target Markets, comprehensively analyses the available information on these procurement decisions. It concludes, contrary to conventional wisdom, that the reasons that customers buy weapons and related goods and services from North Korea vary, often greatly. This study also concludes that one of the greatest achievements of the UN sanctions regime to date has been to deny North Korea access to modern conventional weapons technology that it can learn to manufacture at home and sell on to its clients around the world.
At this evening event hosted at RUSI, the Coordinator of the UN Panel of Experts on North Korea, Hugh Griffiths, will join the author Andrea Berger in conversation about the findings of the paper.
The monograph by Andrea Berger, Target Markets: North Korea’s Military Customers in the Sanctions Era, is published by Routledge and is available to Whitehall Papers subscribers. Copies may also be purchased online.
About the panel
Andrea Berger is the Deputy Director of the Proliferation and Nuclear Policy programme at RUSI and a Senior Research Fellow. Prior to joining RUSI, Andrea worked in non-proliferation research and analysis at the International Centre for Security Analysis. She has also worked for the government of Canada in a number of analytical capacities, lastly in the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development.
Hugh Griffiths is the Coordinator of the United Nations Panel of Experts monitoring the UN sanctions on North Korea. He joined the Panel in June 2014 and is on a leave of absence from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) where he worked for five years as Head of the Countering Illicit Trafficking – Mechanism Assessment Projects (CIT-MAP).