Pakistan’s problems with militancy are manifold, and include violent sectarian groups, transnational Al-Qaeda-influenced jihadist groups, Al-Qaeda operatives with a history of planning attacks against the UK, an ISIL affiliate, separatist groups, and insurgent groups. The attack on an army-run school in Peshawar in December 2014, during which 148 mostly school children were killed, demonstrated the real limits to a state’s ability to create proxies. This resulted in a potential policy shift with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announcing that Pakistan would no longer distinguish between the "good" (those who don’t attack Pakistan and are focused on Afghanistan) and the "bad" (anti-Pakistan) Taliban. While this has been requested by the international community and other regional players, it is unclear what it means in concrete terms, in particular since the military retains the upper hand on these matters.
With this in mind, Lieutenant General Muhammad Masood Aslam, a retired three star general in the Pakistan Army, will present at a roundtable event at RUSI on civil-military relations, including how civilian supremacy can be achieved and will also expand on Pakistan’s role in the region including the implications that the crisis in the Middle East crisis and Yemen pose.
Lieutenant General Muhammad Masood Aslam is a decorated and respected soldier of the Pakistan Army having been awarded both civilian and military awards for his services and has been an active part of every conflict in the region starting from the 1971 India – Pakistan war to ongoing operations against militants along Afghan border. His last military assignment was the principal commander of XI Corps and commander of the unified command of united forces fighting against pro Taliban forces in the North West of Pakistan. His other career assignments include numerous command and staff appointments to include Director General National Accountability Bureau Punjab 2003-2005 and training of Saudi Army in 1980s. Post retirement he served as Pakistan’s Ambassador to Mexico from 2010 to 2012.
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