Best Practice Policy and Operational Options for Mexico
This interim report considers the relationship between the impacts of climate change on human migration and the possible knock-on effects this may have on the general security landscape of Mexico.
By Elizabeth Deheza
Migration is an important issue facing many countries, none more so than Mexico. Any large-scale movement of a population poses challenges to the social, political and economic mechanisms that govern the stability of the sources and destinations of migrants. Some studies have highlighted the potential of climate change to influence the migratory flows of people within a country and across international borders and therefore to impact civil stability.
This report expands the traditional definition of security beyond the military sphere to encompass the social, political and economic spheres of Mexico, in addition to more traditional security concepts such as cartel violence. Using this definition, the author explores the outcomes of existing studies and recent events to consider the relationship between the impacts of climate change on human migration and the possible knock-on effects this may have on the general security landscape of Mexico.
The report also considers best practice, in terms of adaptation and mitigation at the humanand state-level, for dealing with the impacts of climate change on human migration. Also identified are several key areas in Mexico that are most likely to be affected by these processes and are highlighted for further study in future work. This is the preliminary report from RUSI's research project 'Climate change, migration and security: Best practice policy and operational options for Mexico', which runs until November 2012.